These days we read less and less. Our main explanation is the lack of free time. But this does not justify the fact that the younger generation has forgotten to read and assimilate the read information. How to develop speed reading – the answer is simple.
Enough of the appropriate exercises so that our mind stops to “think,” analyze the text, and figure out how to compose the written content into a logical whole with capturing the overall meaning.
What is speed reading?
The art of speed-reading is useful in everyday life when a huge amount of information comes in from various sources, and they quickly become outdated. Reading comprehension is also a good way to quickly absorb material taught at school or university.
Speed-reading techniques primarily teach the brain to correctly decipher written characters. Still, without analyzing them, they eliminate word-for-word voting in thought and improve concentration, especially focusing the gaze on the text.
The process of learning to read faster is to allow the eye to perceive more text at once. The average person in the field of vision can catch about 20 graphic characters, that is, two or three words at a time. However, this does not mean that the brain reads that much text at once. The “letter-by-letter” reading method learned over the years, which is used to teach reading and then syllables, causes the eye to automatically stop at one word or syllable.
We also automatically lose sight of the next characters in the text, focusing on exactly one spot. The goal of speed-reading courses is to eliminate the fixation of our eyes only on the central part of the text we are reading, expanding our field of vision into a broader perspective. Reading regression, Numerous studies have shown that fast readers who look at a larger portion of a text are better able to grasp its content and understand the broader context of the information provided. There are times when long words appear in a text that has not previously been seen or understood.
The reader’s main reflex is regression. This is a return to a previously read word or even a fragment of a sentence that is questionable. In a speed-reading exercise, the regression or return factor is eliminated. The absence of forwarding and backward glances greatly improves reading speed and efficiency, and the brain learns to anticipate, i.e., guess the meaning of an obscure word.
Phonetics and speed reading
As children, everyone had to read aloud when practicing reading. Children are encouraged to do this reading in schools and are even graded on their speed. This process improves the articulation of individual sentences. However, reading aloud or phonetizing a text greatly reduces speed.
Getting rid of phonetics in speed reading is extremely difficult. The main problem is to exclude the ear from this process. Against all odds, most people who read to themselves still read aloud, even if they can’t hear anything. The larynx and auditory passages are automatically involved.
Although you read in silence, the written text is involuntarily converted into sound, which the brain must register and decode to understand. The trick here is to change the way you see the letters. The word should be read as an image that goes directly to the brain, not as a sound that must go through the ear.
Our vocabulary and ability to focus on reading are also important. Understanding the meaning of most words partially eliminates the regression process, that is, going back to a word you didn’t understand. In addition, it is not automatically recorded in the brain to decipher the order and meaning of characters.
Being able to concentrate completely on the text you are reading and clear your mind of any other information also improves your reading speed. Most speed-reading techniques using a variety of exercises are primarily aimed at:
- Expanding the field of vision – the skill of panoramic perception of the text is trained. Reducing gaze fixation time is stopping your gaze on the word you’re reading to understand it and then moving on to the next part of the text.
- Eliminating poeticization – getting rid of mind-reading, syllable-writing.
- Eliminating regression – going back to the content you’ve already read.
- Increasing text anticipation – teaching the brain to guess the meaning of an incomplete message. Increased attention span.
- Ability to quickly search for keywords needed to understand all content.
- Increasing the field of vision of the eye. To do this, start reading a line with the second and third words and also finish with two words to the end of the line.
- The ability to simultaneously create mind maps and networks of associations while reading to make it easier to remember the text you read.
The 5 Rules of Speed Reading
Learning to read speed is not that difficult if you follow the right strategy and a few simple rules. Here are five key factors that contribute to speed reading.
- Setting a goal. When taking any action, we need to be able to answer the question of why we are doing it and what we want to achieve in the end result. Reading is no exception. When picking up a book, first ask yourself questions such as: ” Why do I want to read this book? ” What do I want to learn from it? “What information am I looking for? ” Remember, the goal should be clear and specific. Focusing on it will prepare your mind as much as possible and concentrate on finding the information you want, making the reading process go faster. You signal your subconscious mind to work for you by setting a goal. Working with a goal will greatly increase your reading speed and comprehension.
- Concentration. As subject matter experts say, the ability to focus on just one task and see it through to completion is one of the fundamental skills of a successful person. Concentration is a key factor in the effectiveness of any work. Without it, the mind slips away, and the level of text comprehension drops to almost zero. On the other hand, the higher your level of concentration, the more efficiently you will work and therefore get more done in a short time. Concentration level is affected by several factors that can be found in many publications. These include taking breaks while reading, eating a healthy diet or providing comfort while studying, getting your workplace in order, airing your room regularly, etc.
- Concentration. As subject matter experts say, the ability to focus on just one task and see it through to completion is one of the fundamental skills of a successful person. Concentration is a key factor in the effectiveness of any job. Without it, the mind slips away, and the level of text comprehension drops to almost zero. On the other hand, the higher your level of concentration, the more efficiently you will work and therefore get more done in a short time. Concentration level is affected by several factors that can be found in many publications. These include taking breaks while reading, eating a healthy diet or providing comfort while studying, getting your workplace in order, airing your room regularly, etc.
- Warm-up. Every muscle type needs a warm-up to working better. It’s the same with the eye muscles. One way to practice them before reading is to turn the page and wave the pointer as an s, or question mark. Start at a slow pace, then gradually increase it until you can move the pointer over the pages as fast as you can turn them. After this exercise, you will notice that your field of vision has greatly increased and sharpened. It is worth doing such a workout at least 5 minutes before you start reading; the time spent will pay off many times.
- Daily practice. All of the actions we do the first time seem either completely inappropriate or not at all. Practice is essential to the task at hand. By doing the appropriate exercises recommended by subject matter experts, you can greatly expand your field of vision and avoid focusing on individual words, get rid of bad habits, and finally speed up your reading pace.
If you want to increase your reading speed by a factor of two or three, it is enough to make a few changes to the usual way of reading. Using the suggested methods, you will quickly achieve satisfactory results. To achieve more, you must work hard and systematically, just like athletes who train for days, months, or even years. The better the strategy you choose and the more exercises you do, your results will be better.
You don’t have to be a genius to increase your reading speed. By following the principles mentioned above, with a little willpower and patience, you can achieve above-average results and develop faster. Speed reading is a key skill in the information society. It allows you to gain new knowledge and skills in a shorter time and thus achieve more in your personal and professional life.